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Paravertebral Catheter Use for Postoperative Pain Control in Patients After Lung Transplant Surgery: A Prospective Observational Study

Published:August 18, 2016DOI:https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jvca.2016.05.006

      Objective

      Effective postoperative pain management has been shown to be a positive predictive factor for postoperative recovery following a thoracotomy. The primary objective of this study was to examine the efficacy and safety of continuous paravertebral blockade in managing acute postsurgical pain following unilateral and bilateral single-lung transplantation.

      Design

      The authors conducted a prospective observational trial of patients.

      Setting

      The study was conducted in an academic university hospital.

      Participants

      Patients (≥18 years of age) who underwent either unilateral or bilateral single-lung transplantation and received a postoperative paravertebral catheter.

      Interventions

      Paravertebral catheters were placed via an ultrasound-guided technique on either postoperative day 1 or 2. After placement, a continuous infusion of 0.2% ropivacaine was run at 0.2 to 0.25 mL/kg/h with maximum dose of 7 mL/h per side in bilateral lung transplant patients, and 14 mL/h in unilateral lung transplant patients.

      Measurements and Main Results

      Patients were followed up to 120 hours after placement of catheters, and pain scores, opioid use, and adverse events were recorded. There were 35 patients who completed the study from October 2013 to December 2014 (21 bilateral transplants and 14 unilateral transplants). The mean time to paravertebral catheter placement was 1.14 days in the overall group, with median time to extubation occurring 543 minutes after placement (range, 23-2,985 minutes). Catheters remained in place for a mean of 7.18 days. The mean maximal pain scores for both groups was 5.94 (day 1), 6.26 (day 2), 6.20 (day 3), 5.12 (day 4), and 5.60 (day 5). There were no adverse events related to the paravertebral catheters in either group.

      Conclusions

      Paravertebral catheters provide a feasible option for postoperative pain control following unilateral or bilateral single-lung transplant in adult patients. Future research should focus on randomized trials of thoracic epidurals compared to paravertebral catheters.

      Key Words

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