Original Article| Volume 36, ISSUE 8, P2418-2431, August 2022

Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Is Associated With Improved Outcomes and Reduced Racial and Ethnic Disparities After Isolated Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: A Retrospective Analysis With Propensity-Score Matching

Published:February 24, 2022DOI:


      To evaluate whether enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol implementation was associated with improved outcomes and decreased racial and ethnic outcome disparities after isolated coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.


      A retrospective analysis of an institutional CABG database with propensity-score matching.


      At a single tertiary care teaching hospital.


      One thousand seven hundred thirty-five patients undergoing isolated CABG: 656 patients from 2016 to 2017 (pre-ERAS) and 1,079 patients from 2018 to 2020 (post-ERAS). Each patient cohort was divided into a White subgroup and a racial and ethnic minorities (Minorities) subgroup.



      Measurements and Main Results

      Propensity-matched post-ERAS patients (n = 584) compared to pre-ERAS patients (n = 584) demonstrated reductions in total length of stay (LOS) (median [interquartile range]): (7 [5-10] v 8 [6-11.5] days, p = .006), postoperative LOS (5 [4-7] v 5 [4-7] days, p = .001), total ventilation time (6.1 [4.8-9.5] v 6.6 [5.2-10.9] hours, p = .004), postoperative morphine milligram equivalents (mean ± standard deviation: 68.6 ± 57.5 v 100.0 ± 59.4, p < .001), and increased likelihood of early extubation (48.8% v 42.3%, p = .026); the Minorities subgroup demonstrated reductions in likelihood of intensive care unit (ICU) readmission (1.3% v 8.1%, p = .012) and postoperative morphine milligram equivalents (73.6 ± 64.0 v 107.8 ± 71.9, p < .001). Logistic regression models demonstrated that disparities in ICU readmission and postoperative LOS between White and Minorities patients were eliminated post-ERAS.


      ERAS for isolated CABG surgery was associated with reduced total and postoperative LOS, reduced total ventilation time, and increased early extubation for all patients, as well as reduced ICU readmission for the Minorities subgroup. ERAS implementation was associated with reduced disparities between White and racial and ethnic minority patients for ICU readmission and postoperative LOS.

      Key Words

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