The Year in Thoracic Anesthesia: Selected Highlights From 2021

Published:August 14, 2022DOI:
      THIS SPECIAL ARTICLE is the fifth in an annual series for the Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia. The authors would like to thank the editor-in-chief, Dr. Kaplan; the associate editor-in-chief, Dr. Augoustides; and the editorial board for the opportunity to expand this series, the research highlights of the year that specifically pertain to the specialty of thoracic anesthesia. The highlights of this year include new developments in the preoperative assessment and prehabilitation of thoracic surgery patients, updates on the use of devices for one-lung ventilation (OLV) in adults and children, updates on the anesthetic management of these patients, including protective ventilation, regional anesthesia, and outcomes when enhanced recovery after thoracic surgery protocols are followed, as well as the use of expanding indications for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and nonintubated video-assisted thoracic surgery (NIVATS).

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