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Geometric Indices for Predicting Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation: Correlation of Mitral Valve Coaptation Area With Tenting Height, Tenting Area and Tenting Volume

Published:October 10, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jvca.2022.10.003

      Objectives

      Ischemic remodeling of the left ventricle in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) results in geometric changes of the mitral valve (MV) apparatus, leading to reduced MV leaflet coaptation. Although the calculation of the coaptation area has value in assessing the effects of left ventricular remodeling on the MV, it is difficult and time-consuming to measure. In this study the authors hypothesized that the tenting volume (TV) would have a greater association with coaptation area than tenting height (TH) or tenting area (TA).

      Design

      A retrospective review.

      Setting

      A single tertiary-care academic hospital.

      Participants

      There were 145 adult patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery between April 2018 and July 2020.

      Measurements and Main Results

      Intraoperative 2- and 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiographic studies were obtained in the precardiopulmonary bypass period. Offline analysis was used to obtain TH, TA, TV and coaptation area for each patient. Correlation between the coaptation area and the TH, TA, and TV was conducted using Pearson's correlation. The median age of the population was 68.0 years (61.0-73.3), the body mass index was 29.0 kg/m2 (25.7-33.5), and 17.8% were females. Increases in TV were the most reliable predictor of decreases in coaptation area (R2 = 0.75) followed by TA (R2 = 0.48) and TH (R2 = 0.47).

      Conclusion

      As a representative of the complete topography of the MV, the authors’ study demonstrated that in patients with CAD, TV has a greater negative correlation with coaptation area as compared to TH or TA.

      Graphical abstarct

      Key Words

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      December 19, 2022

      Geometric Indices for Predicting Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation: Correlation of Mitral Valve Coaptation Area With Tenting Height, Tenting Area and Tenting Volume

      Geometric Indices for Predicting Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation: Correlation of Mitral Valve Coaptation Area With Tenting Height, Tenting Area and Tenting Volume