Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Is Associated With Reduced Hospital Length of Stay after Urgent or Emergency Isolated Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery at an Urban, Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital: An Interrupted Time Series Analysis With Propensity Score Matching

Published:October 13, 2022DOI:


      To evaluate whether enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) was associated with reduced length of stay (LOS) after urgent or emergency coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG).


      A retrospective analysis of an institutional database for urgent or emergency isolated CABG before versus after ERAS. Propensity matching identified comparable subpopulations pre- versus post-ERAS. Interrupted time series analysis was used to evaluate LOS.


      At a tertiary care teaching hospital.


      A total of 1,012 patients undergoing urgent or emergent CABG—346 from 2016 to 2017 (pre-ERAS), and 666 from 2018 to 2020 (post-ERAS). Emergent CABG was performed within 24 hours, and urgent CABG was performed during the same hospitalization to reduce clinical risk.



      Measurements and Main Results

      Propensity-matched post-ERAS (n = 565) versus pre-ERAS patients (n = 330) demonstrated reduced LOS (9 [8-13] v (10 [8-14] days p = 0.015), increased likelihood of extubation within 6 hours (46.0% v 35.8%, p = 0.003), shorter ventilation time (6.3 [5.1-10.2] v (7.2 [5.4-12.2] hours, p = 0.003), reduced morphine milligram equivalent use on postoperative days 1 and 2 (69.6 ± 62.2 v 99.0 ± 61.6, p < 0.001), and increased intraoperative ketamine use (58.8% v 35.2%, p < 0.001). There were no differences regarding reintubation, intensive care unit readmission, or 30-day morbidity. Adjusted segmental regression (n = 1,012) for LOS demonstrated reduced mean LOS of approximately 2 days after ERAS (β2 coefficient -1.943 [-3.766 to -0.121], p = 0.037), with stable trends for mean LOS and no change in slope throughout the pre-ERAS and post-ERAS time periods.


      Enhanced recovery after surgery was associated with reduced LOS after urgent or emergency CABG without adverse effects on prolonged ventilation, reintubation, intensive care unit readmission, or 30-day outcomes.

      Key Words

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