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Effects of Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Thoracic Muscle Plane Block on Postoperative Pain and Side Effects: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Published:November 04, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jvca.2022.11.001
      The effects of the transversus thoracic muscle plane (TTP) block on postoperative pain have become increasingly controversial. This meta-analysis compared the effects of the TTP block versus no block on postoperative analgesia and side effects to determine whether this new technique is a reliable alternative for pain management. PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chongqing VIP information, and Wanfang Data were searched for clinical studies investigating the analgesic effect of the TTP block compared to controls. The primary outcomes included the postoperative pain scores at rest and during movement, morphine consumption in 24 hours, and the rate of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). Eleven randomized controlled trials (RCTs), including 682 patients, were reviewed. The meta-analysis showed that the TTP block significantly could reduce the pain scores at 0 (at rest: mean difference [MD], -2.28; 95% CI: -2.67 to -1.90) (during movement: MD: -2.09, 95% CI: -2.62 to -1.56) and 12 hours (at rest: -1.42, 95% CI: -2.03 to -0.82) (during movement: MD: -2.13, 95% CI: -2.80 to -1.46) after surgery, 24-hour postoperative analgesic consumption (MD: -23.18, 95% CI: -33.71 to -12.66), and the incidence of PONV (odds ratio, 0.36, 95% CI: 0.15-0.88). Furthermore, the trial sequence analysis confirmed the result of less 24-hour postoperative analgesic consumption in the TTP block group. As a novel technique, the TTP block exhibited a superior postoperative analgesic effect during the early postoperative period. Nevertheless, additional well-designed RCTs are needed.

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