Review Article| Volume 37, ISSUE 4, P613-626, April 2023

Anesthetic Considerations for Adult Patients With Both Down Syndrome and Congenital Heart Disease Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery: A Review Article

Published:December 09, 2022DOI:
      The population of adult patients with both Down syndrome and congenital heart disease is increasing due to better medical and surgical care. This cohort presents with multiple unique comorbidities, secondary to both progressions of health conditions associated with the aging of patients with Down syndrome, as well as due to pathophysiologic effects of uncorrected, corrected, or palliated congenital heart disease. These patients need frequent medical care and interventions requiring multiple anesthetics. This review focuses on the various factors relevant to the perioperative medical care of adult patients with both Down syndrome and congenital heart disease, founded on existing literature. Various anesthetic considerations for the different patterns of noncardiac and cardiac comorbidities are reviewed, and a systematic approach for the perioperative anesthetic management of these patients is presented.

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