Pro: Modified Ultrafiltration Is Beneficial for Adults Undergoing Cardiac Surgery

Published:January 17, 2023DOI:
      CARDIAC SURGERY often necessitates the use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The benefits of CPB include a completely or partially bloodless operative field, ease of thermoregulation, and the ability to arrest and decompress the heart while maintaining oxygen delivery to vital organs. As with any form of extracorporeal circulation, CPB is nonphysiologic and, therefore, can lead to a significant number of deleterious effects that are known to be associated with increased morbidity and mortality.
      • Naveed D
      • Khan RA
      • Malik A
      • et al.
      Role of modified ultrfiltration in adult cardiac surgery: A prospective randomized control trial.
      These include significant hemodilution, physical damage to essential components of coagulation, vascular injury, and the production of inflammatory mediators.
      • Grunenfelder J
      • Zund G
      • Schoeberlein A
      • et al.
      Modified ultrafiltration lowers adhesion molecule and cytokine levels after cardiopulmonary bypass without clinical relevance in adults.
      A number of interventions have been used in an effort to help reduce the negative effects of CPB.
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