Pro and Con|Articles in Press

Con: can we influence postoperative outcomes of frail patients after cardiac surgery?

Published:March 07, 2023DOI:


      Frail patients are routinely scheduled for elective cardiovascular surgery. Despite proven association between frailty and postoperative outcomes, currently we have no consistent evidence that preoperative optimisation of frail patients with preoperative nutrition support and exercise programs can alter post-operative mortality. Established frailty diagnostic tools are not sufficient to grasp the multidimensional nature of frailty in cardiovascular patients. Prehabilitation programs and preoperative nutritional support are time and resource consuming and therefore hard to implement in routine clinical practice.


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