- Temporary epicardial pacing frequently is employed after cardiac surgery, and can have a significant impact on a patient's hemodynamics, arrhythmias, and valvulopathies. Given that anesthesiologists often are involved intimately in the initial programming and subsequent management of epicardial pacing in the operating room and intensive care unit, it is important for practitioners to have a detailed understanding of the modes, modifiable intervals, and potential complications that can occur after cardiac surgery.
- Several studies have suggested that the cardioprotective effects of halogenated anesthetics in cardiac surgery result in reduced cardiac biomarker release compared with total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA). These findings came from relatively small randomized clinical trials and meta-analyses. The authors of this study hypothesized that the beneficial effects of volatile anesthetics translate into a reduced length of hospital stay after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass.